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Coral Reef Initiative Database

Conservation

Anchor and Boat Damage

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Marine Conservation Topics

Anchor and Boat Damage

Allen, WH. 1992. Increased dangers to Caribbean marine ecosystems: cruise ship anchors and intensified tourist threaten reefs. BioScience 42(5): 330-335.

PDF available


Davis, GE. 1977. Anchor damage to a coral reef on the coast of Florida. Biology of Conservation. 11:1: 29-34.

Abstract available


Dinsdale, EA and VJ Harriot. 2004. Assessing Anchor Damage of Coral Reefs: A Case Study in Selection of Environmental Indicators. Environmental Management. 33:1: 126-139.


Halas, JC. 1985. An unique mooring system for reef management in the Key Largo National Marine Sanctuary. In Proceedings of the Fifth International Coral Reef Congress: Symposia and Seminars 4: 237-242.

Abstract available


Halas, J.C., 1997. Advances in environmental mooring technology. In: H.A. Lessios and I.G. Macintyre (eds.) Proceedings of the 8th International Coral Reef Symposium Vol. 2. Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Panama. 1995-2000.

PDF available


International Tropical Marine Ecosystems Management Symposium. 2003. High-speed, low drag: an expedited damage assessment and restoration process (the “mini-312”) for seagrasses in the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary. Manila, Philipines, 2.

PDF available


Jameson, S. C., M. S. A. Ammar, E. Saadalla, H. M. Mostafa and B. Riegl. 2007. A quantitative ecological assessment of diving sites in the Egyptian Red Sea during a period of severe anchor damage: a baseline for restoration and sustainable tourism management. Journal of Sustainable Tourism 15(3):309-323.

PDF available


Johnson, L, J Gonzalez, C Alvarez, M Takada, A Himes, S Showalter, and J Savarese. 2006. Managing hull-borne invasive species and coastal water quality for California and Baja California boats kept in saltwater. California Sea Grant College Program Report Number T-061.

PDF available


Jones, R. J. 2007. Chemical contamination of a coral reef by the grounding of a cruise ship in Bermuda. Marine Pollution Bulletin 54:905-911.

PDF available


Lutz, SJ. 2002. An assessment of unreported boat grounding damage to shallow-water corals in the Florida Keys. University of Miami.

PDF available


Price, ARG, and Industrial Economics, Inc. 2006. Cruise ships and sustainability in Bermuda: a preliminary evaluation. Prepared for The Bermuda National Trust.

PDF available


Rogers, CS. And VH Garrison. 2001. Ten years after the crime: Lasting effects of damage from a cruise ship anchor on a coral reef in St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands. Bulletin of Marine Science. 69:2: 793-803.

Abstract available


Saphier, A. D. and T. C. Hoffman. 2005. Forecasting models to quantify three anthropogenic stresses on coral reefs from marine recreation: Anchor damage, diver contact and copper emission from antifouling pain. Marine Pollution Bulletin 51:590-598.

PDF available


Walker, DI, RJ Lukatelich, G. Bastyan, AJ McComb. 1989. Effect of Boat Moorings on Seagrass Beds near Perth, Western Australia. Aquatic Botany. 36:1: 69-77.

Abstract available

Where noted, some referenced documents are available. To view a document, click on the hyperlink following the reference; hyperlinks will turn red when the mouse pointer is on them.