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British Indian Ocean

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British Indian Ocean Territory

Diego Garcia and the Chagos Archipelago


Anderson, C, C Sheppard, M Spalding, and R Crosby. 1998. Shortage of sharks at Chagos. The IUCN/SSC Shark Specialist Group, Shark News 10: January 1998.

PDF available


British Indian Ocean Territory. Chapter 6. In: Unknown. pp. 37- 44.

PDF available


Carpenter, KE. 1990. Review of: An annotated cheklist of the fishes of the Chagos Archipelago, Central Indian Ocean by Richard Winterbottom; Alan R. Emery; Erling Holm. Copeia 1990(1): 266-268.

PDF available


Chagos Conservation Trust. Website with publications on the flora and fauna of Chagos Archipelago by the Chagos Conservation Trust (available for purchase). http://www.chagosconservationtrust.org/pages/publications.html


Guitart, C, A Sheppard, T Frickers, ARG Price, and JW Readman. 2007. Negligible risks to corals from antifouling booster biocides and triazine herbicides in coastal waters of the Chagos Archipelago. Marine Pollution Bulletin 54: 226-246.

PDF available


Mortimer, J.A. and Broderick, D. 1999. Population genetic structure and developmental migrations of sea turtles in the Chagos Archipelago and adjacent regions inferred from mtDNA sequence variation, pp.185-194: in Sheppard, C.R.C. and Seaward, M.R.D. Eds. Ecology of the Chagos Archipelago. Linnean Society Occasional Publications, 2. Westbury Publishing. pp. 351.

PDF available


Mortimer, JA, M Day, and D Broderick. 2000. Sea turtle populations of the Chagos Archipelago, British Indian Ocean Territory. Proceedings of the 20th Annual Sea Turtle Biology and Conservation: 47-49.

PDF available


Murray, JW and CW Smart. 1994. Distribution of smaller benthic foraminifera in the Chagos Archipelago, Indian Ocean. Journal of Micropalaeontology 13:47-53.


Proctor, D and LV Fleming (Eds). 1999. British Indian Ocean Territory. In Biodiversity: the UK Overseas Territories. Joint Nature Conservation Committee. 37-44.

PDF available


Rajasuriya, A, H Zahir, K Venkataraman, Z Islam, and J Tamelander. 2004. Status of coral reefs in South Asia: Bangladesh, Chagos, India, Maldives, and Sri Lanka. In: Status of Coral Reefs of the World: 2004 (volume 1): 213-233.  Eds. C Wilkinson

PDF available


Sheppard, CRC. 2007. Effects of the tsunami in the Chagos Archipelago. Atoll Research Bulletin 544.

PDF available


Sheppard, CRC. 2002. Island elevations, reef condition and sea level rise in atolls of Chagos, British Indian Ocean Territory. In: Linden, O and Souter, D. Wilhelmsson, and D. Obura (eds.). Coral degradation in the Indian Ocean: Status report 2002. CORDIO, Department of Biology and Environmental Science, Unversity of Kalmar, Kalmar, Sweden. pp 201-211.

PDF available


Sheppard, C.R.C. 1999. Coral mortality in the Chagos Archipelago. In: Linden, O, Sporrong, N. (Eds.) Coral Reef Degradation in the Indian Ocean. World Bank and Swedish International Development Agency. pp 27-32.

PDF available


Shepard, CRC. 1980. The coral fauna of Diego Garcia lagoon, following harbour construction. Marine Pollution Bulletin 11(8):227-230.


Sheppard, C and M Spalding. 2003. Chagos Conservation Management Plan. Prepared for British Indian Ocean Territory Administration Foreign and Commonwealth Office, London.

PDF available


Sheppard, CRC, M Spalding, C Bradshaw, S Wilson. 2002. Erosion vs. Recovery of Coral Reefs after El Niño: Chagos Reefs, Indian Ocean.  Ambio. 31:1: 40-48.

PDF available


Spalding, MD. 2006. Illegal sea cucumber fisheries in the Chagos Archipelago. SPC Beche-de-mer Information Bulletin 23: 32-34.

PDF available


Spalding, MD, C Ravilious, EP Green. 2001. British Indian Ocean Territory. In World Atlas of Coral Reefs. UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre, UNEP-WCMC, University of California Press, Ltd. London, UK. 226-229.

PDF available


Topp, JMW. 1988.  An annotated check list of the flora of Diego Garcia, British Indian Ocean Territory. Atoll Research Bulletin, 313:1-21.

PDF available


Westmacott, S and J-P Quod. 2000. Indian Ocean Islands – Summary. In: D. Souter, D Obura and O Linden (eds.). Coral Reef Degradation in the Indian Ocean: Status reports 2000. CORDIO, SAREC Marine Science Program. Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden. 75-76.

PDF available


Wilkinson, C (ed.). 2004. Status of Coral Reefs of the World: 2004, Volume 1. Australian Institute of Marine Science.

PDF available


Winterbottom, R. and Anderson, R.C. 1997. An annotated checklist of the fishes of the Chagos Archipelago. Ichthyological Bulletin, Grahamstown, South Africa, no. 66.

PDF available


Yonow, N, RC Anderson, and SG Buttress. 2002. Opisthobranch mollusks from the Chagos Archipelago, Central Indian Ocean. Journal of Natural History 36:831-882.

PDF available

Where noted, some referenced documents are available. To view a document, click on the hyperlink following the reference; hyperlinks will turn red when the mouse pointer is on them.

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