Conservation

Climate Change

Home            Coral Reef Info            Locations            Reef Assessment            Conservation

Department of Defense

Coral Reef Initiative Database

 

Marine Conservation Topics

Climate Change

Where noted, some referenced documents are available. To view a document, click on the hyperlink following the reference; hyperlinks will turn red when the mouse pointer is on them.

Ayre, D. J. and T. P. Hughes. 2004. Climate change, genotypic diversity and gene flow in reef-building corals. Ecology Letters 7(4):273-278.

PDF available


Baker, AC. 2002. Ecology (Communication arising): Is coral bleaching really adaptive? Nature 415(6872):602.

PDF available


Brown, BE. 1997. Coral bleaching: causes and consequences. Coral Reefs 16 Suppl: S129-S138.

PDF available


Buddemeier, RW, JA Kleypas, and RB Aronson. 2004. Coral reefs & global climate change, potential contributions of climate change to stresses on coral reef ecosystems.  Prepared for the Pew Center on Global Climate Change.

PDF available


Carpenter, K. E., M. Abrar, G. Aeby, R. B. Aronson, S. Banks, A. Bruckner, A. Chiriboga, J. Cortés, J. C. Delbeek, L. DeVantier, G. J. Edgar, A. J. Edwards, D. Fenner, H. M. Guzmán, B. W. Hoeksema, G. Hodgson, O. Johan, W. Y. Licuanan, S. R. Livingstone, E. R. Lovell, J. A. Moore, D. O. Obura,D. Ochaillo, B. A. Polidoro, W. F. Precht, M. C. Quibilan, C. Roboton, Z. T. Richards, A.  D. Rogers, J. Sanciangco, A. Sheppard, C. Sheppard, J. Smith, S. Stuart, E. Turak, J. E. N. Veron, C. Wallace, E. Weil, and E. Wood. 2008. One-third of reef-building corals face elevated extinction risk from climate change and local impacts. Science 321:560-563.

PDF available


Chadwick-Furman, NE. 1996. Reef coral diversity and global change. Global Change Biology 2(6): 559-568.

PDF available


Diaz-Pulido, G and LJ McCook. 2002. The fate of bleached corals: patterns and dynamics of algal recruitment. Marine Ecology Progress Series 232:115-128.

PDF available


Done, TJ. 1999. Coral community adaptability to environmental change at the scales of regions, reefs, and reef zones. American Zoologist 39(1): 66-79.

PDF available


Donner, S. D., T. R. Knutson and M. Oppenheimer. 2007. Model-based assessment of the role of human-induced climate change in the 2005 Caribbean coral bleaching event. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 104(13):5483-5488.

PDF available


Donner, S. D., W. J. Skirving, C. M. Little, M. Oppenheimer and O. Hoegh-Guldberg. 2005. Global assessment of coral bleaching and required rates of adaptation under climate change. Global Change Biology 11(12):2251-2265.

PDF available


Glynn, PW. 1996. Coral reef bleaching: facts, hypotheses and implications. Global Change Biology 2(6): 495-509.

PDF available


Goreau, TJ, R Hayes, A Strong, E Williams, G Smith, J Cervino, and M Goreau. 1998. Coral reefs and global change: impacts of temperature, bleaching, and emerging diseases. Sea Wind 12(3): 2-6.

PDF available


Graham, N. A. J., S. K .Wilson, S. Jennings, N. V. C. Polunin, J. P. Bijoux and J. Robinson. 2006. Dynamic fragility of oceanic coral reef ecosystems. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 103(22):8425-8429.

PDF available


Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority. 2007. Biophysical assessment of the reefs of Keppel Bay: a baseline study. April 2007. Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority. Townsville, Australia. 33pp.

PDF available


Guinotte, JM, RW Buddemeier, and JA Kleypas. 2003. Future coral reef habitat marginality: temporal and spatial effects of climate change in the Pacific basin. Coral Reefs 22: 551-558.

PDF available


Hoegh-Guldberg, O. 1999.  Climate change, coral bleaching and the future of the world’s coral reefs. Marine and Freshwater Research 50(8): 839-866.

PDF available


Hoegh-Guldberg, O., P. J. Mumby, A. J. Hooten, R. S. Steneck, P. Greenfield, E. Gomez, C. D. Harvell, P. F. Sale, A. J. Edwards, K. Caldeira, N. Knowlton, C. M. Eakin, R. Iglesias-Prieto, N. Muthiga, R. H. Bradbury, A. Dubi and M. E. Hatziolos. 2007. Coral reefs under rapid climate change and ocean acidification. Science 318(5857):1737-1742.

PDF available


Hughes, TP, AH Baird, DR Bellwood, M Card, SR Connolly, C Folke, R Grosberg, O Hoegh-Guldberg, JBC Jackson, J Kleypas, JM Lough, P Marshall, M Nystrom, SR Palumbi, JM Pandolfi, B Rosen, and J Roughgarden. 2003. Climate change, human impacts, and the resilience of coral reefs. Science 301: 929-933.

PDF available


Hughes, T. P., M. J. Rodrigues, D. R. Bellwood, D. Ceccarelli, O. Hoegh-Guldberg, L. McCook, N. Moltschawniwskyj, M. S. Pratchett, R. S. Steneck and B. Willis. 2007. Phase Shifts, Herbivory, and the Resilience of Coral Reefs to Climate Change. Current Biology 17(4): 360-365.

PDF available


Jokiel, PL and EK Brown. 2004. Global warming, regional trends and inshore environmental conditions influence coral bleaching in Hawaii. Global Change Biology 10: 1627-1641.

PDF available


Kleypas, J. A., R. W. Buddemeier, C. M. Eakin, J.-P. Gattuso, J. Guinotte, O. Hoegh-Guldberg, R. Iglesias-Prieto, P. L. Jokiel, C. Langdon, W. Skirving and A. E. Strong. 2005. Comment on “Coral reef calcification and climate change: the effect of ocean warming”. Geophysical Research Letters 32, L08601, doi:10.1029/2004GL022329.

PDF available


Lesser, M. P. 2007. Coral reef bleaching and global climate change: can corals survive the next century? Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 104(13): 5259-5260.

PDF available


Maynard, J. A., K. R. N. Anthony, P. A. Marshall and I. Masiri. 2008. Major bleaching events can lead to increased thermal tolerance in corals. Marine Biology 155:173-182.

PDF available


McClanahan, TR, M Ateweberhan, CA Muhando, J Maina, and MS Mohammed. 2007. Effects of climate and seawater temperature variation on coral bleaching and mortality. Ecological Monographs 77(4):503-525.

PDF available


McNeil, B. I., R. J. Matear and D. J. Barnes. 2004. Coral reef calcification and climate change: the effect of ocean warming. Geophysical Research Letters 31, L22309, doi:10.1029/2004GL021541.

PDF available


Munday PL, Dixson DL, McCormick MI, Meekan M, Ferrari MCO, Chivers DP (2010) Replenishment of fish populations is threatened by ocean acidification. PNAS 107:12930-12934.

PDF available


Pala, C. 2007. Palau combats coral bleaching. Science 316(5825):680.

PDF available


Pittock, AB. 1999. Coral reefs and environmental change: adaptation to what? American Zoologist 39(1): 10-29.

PDF available


Smith, SV and RW Buddemeier. 1992. Global change and coral reef ecosystems. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 23: 89-118.

PDF available


Stone, R. 2007. A world without corals? Science 316(5825):678.

PDF available


Szmant, AM and NJ Gassman. 1990. The effects of prolonged “bleaching” on the tissue biomass and reproduction of the reef coral Montastrea annularis. Coral Reefs 8:217-224.

PDF available


Vargas-Angel, B., E. C. Peters, E. Kramarsky-Winter, D. S. Gilliam and R. E. Dodge. 2007. Cellular reactions to sedimentation and temperature stress in the Caribbean coral Montastraea cavernosa. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 95(2): 140-145.

PDF available


Wellington, GM, PW Glynn, AE Strong, SA Navarrete, E Wieters, and D Hubbard. 2001. Crisis on coral reefs linked to climate change. EOS 82(1): 1-7.

PDF available


Westmacott, S., K. Teleki, S. Wells and J. M. West. 2000. Management of bleached and severely damaged coral reefs. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. vi + 37 pp.

PDF available


Wilkinson, CR. 1996. Global change and coral reefs: impacts on reefs, economies, and human cultures. Global Change Biology 2(6): 547-558.

PDF available

Visible Earth, NASA