Department of Defense

Coral Reef Initiative Database

Conservation

Issues

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Up to 75% of the world’s coral reefs are threatened due to continued pressure from both local and global stressors.  Local stressors include overfishing, increased siltation often a result of deforestation, coastal development, and point and non-point source pollution. Global stressors are due to global climate change raising ocean temperatures and contributing to the acidification of the oceans.  Rising sea level as well as increased storm frequency and severity also threaten coral reefs.

MISCELLANEOUS:


Coral reef conservation and the department of defense accomplishments in 2004. Coral Reef Task Force Meeting, March 2005.

PDF available


Davidson, MG. 2002. Protecting coral reefs: the principal national and international legal instruments. Harvard Environmental Law Review. 26: 499-546.

PDF available


Booz Allen Hamilton, 2010. Proceedings from the Department of Defense Pacific Islands Region Threatened, Endangered, and At-Risk Species Workshop-II, February 2-4, 2010, Honolulu, Hawaii. Prepared for the DoD Natural Resources Conservation Program by Booz Allen Hamilton, Arlington, Virginia.

PDF Available


Feldman, B. 2003. War on the Earth. Dollars and Sense. March/April 2003: 24-27.

PDF available


Goodrich, M.S., J. Garrison, P. Tong, & A. Lunsford. 2004. Risk assessment model for evaluating ex-navy vessels as reef material. Remediation of Contaminated Sediments 2003.


Hura, M., E.C. Evans III, & F. G. Wood. Coastal water protection. Environmental Science & Technology pp. 1098.

PDF available


Jaap, WC. 2000. Coral reef restoration. Ecological Engineering. 15: 345-364.

PDF available


Kaczmarsky, LT, M Draud, EH Williams. 2005. Is there a relationship between proximity to sewage effluent and the prevalence of coral disease? Caribbean Journal of Science. 41:1: 124-137.

PDF available


Milazzo, M, R Chemello, F Badalamenti, R Camarda, S Riggio. 2002. The impact of human recreational activities in marine protected areas: What lessons should be learnt in the Mediterranean Sea? Marine Ecology 23:280-290.

PDF available


Rogers, CS. 1979. The effect of shading on coral reef structure and function. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology. 41: 269-288.

PDF available


Wilkinson, C (ed.). 2004. Status of Coral Reefs of the World: 2004, Volume 1. Australian Institute of Marine Science.

PDF available


Wilkinson, C (ed.). 2004. Status of Coral Reefs of the World: 2004, Volume 2. Australian Institute of Marine Science.

PDF available

Where noted, some referenced documents are available. To view a document, click on the hyperlink following the reference; hyperlinks will turn red when the mouse pointer is on them.