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Nutrient Enrichment

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Marine Conservation Topics

Nutrient Enrichment

Where noted, some referenced documents are available. To view a document, click on the hyperlink following the reference; hyperlinks will turn red when the mouse pointer is on them.

Bruno, J. F., L. E. Petes, C. D. Harvell, and A. Hettinger. 2003. Nutrient enrichment can increase the severity of coral diseases. Ecology Letters 6(12):1056-1061.

PDF available


Diaz-Pulido, G. and L. J. McCook. 2005. Effects of nutrient enhancement on the fecundity of a coral reef macroalga. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 317:13-24.

PDF available


Fabricius, K. E. 2005. Effects of terrestrial runoff on the ecology of corals and coral reefs: review and synthesis. Marine Pollution Bulletin 50(2): 125-146.

PDF available


Fabricius, K., G. De’ath, L. McCook, E. Turak, D. McB. Williams. 2005. Changes in algal, coral and fish assemblages along water quality gradients on the inshore Great Barrier Reef. Marine Pollution Bulletin 51:384-398.

PDF available


Ferrier-Pagès, C, V Schoelzke, J Jaubert, L Muscatine, and O Hoegh-Guldberg. 2001. Response of a scleractinian coral, Stylophora pistillata, to iron and nitrate enrichment. Journal of Experimental Biology and Ecology 259:249-261.

PDF available


Furnas, M., A. Mitchell, M. Skuza and J. Brodie. 2005. In the other 90%: phytoplankton responses to enhanced nutrient availability in the Great Barrier Reef lagoon. Marine Pollution Bulletin 51:253-265.

PDF available


Lapointe, B. E., P. J. Barile, M. M. Littler, D. S. Littler, B. J. Bedford, and C. Gasque. 2005. Macroalgal blooms on southeast Florida coral reefs I. Nutrient stoichiometry of the invasive green alga Codium isthmocladum in the wider Caribbean indicates nutrient enrichment. Harmful Algae 4:1092-1105.

PDF available


Lapointe, B. E., P. J. Barile and W. R. Matzie. 2004. Anthropogenic nutrient enrichment of seagrass and coral reef communities in the Lower Florida Keys: discrimination of local versus regional nitrogen sources. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 308(1): 23-58.

PDF available


Lapointe, B. E., P. J. Barile, C. S. Yentsch, M. M. Littler, D. S. Littler, and B. Kakuk. 2004. The relative importance of nutrient enrichment and herbivory on macroalgal communities near Norman’s Pond Cay, Exumas Cays, Bahamas: a “natural” enrichment experiment. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 298:275-301.

PDF available


Littler, M. M., D. S. Littler, B. L. Brooks, and B. E. Lapointe. 2006. Nutrient manipulation methods for coral reef studies: a critical review and experimental field data. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 336:242-253.

PDF available


Loya, Y., H. Lubinevsky, M. Rosenfeld and E. Kramarsky-Winter. 2004. Nutrient enrichment caused by in situ fish farms at Eilat, Red Sea is detrimental to coral reproduction. Marine Pollution Bulletin 49:344-353.

PDF available


Loya, Y., M. Rosenfeld and E. Kramarsky-Winter. 2005. Nutrient enrichment and coral reproduction: empty vessels make the most sound (response to critique by B. Rinkevich). Marine Pollution Bulletin 50(1):114-118.

PDF available


McKergow, L. A., I. P. Prosser, A. O. Hughes and J. Brodie. 2005. Regional scale nutrient modeling: exports to the Great Barrier Reef World Heritage Area. Marine Pollution Bulletin 51:186-199.

PDF available


Moss, A., J. Brodie and M. Furnas. 2005. Water quality guidelines for the Great Barrier Reef World Heritage Area: a basis for development and preliminary values. Marine Pollution Bulletin 51(1-4):76-88.

PDF available


Rinkevich, B. 2005. Nutrient enrichment and coral reproduction: between truth and repose (a critique of Loya et al.). Marine Pollution Bulletin 50(1):111-113.

PDF available


Szmant, AM. 2002. Nutrient enrichment on coral reefs: is it a major cause of coral reef decline? Estuaries 25(4b): 743-766.

PDF available


Tanaka, Y., T. Miyajima, I. Koike, T. Hayashibara, and H. Ogawa. 2007. Imbalanced coral growth between organic tissue and carbonate skeleton caused by nutrient enrichment. Limnology and Oceanography 52(3):1139-1146.

PDF available


Thacker, RW and VJ Paul. 2001. Are benthic cyanobacteria indicators of nutrient enrichment? Relationships between cyanobacterial abundance and environmental factors on the reef flat of Guam. Bulletin of Marine Science 69(2): 497-508.

PDF available


Voss, J. D. and L. L. Richardson. 2006. Nutrient enrichment enhances black band disease progression in corals. Coral Reefs 25:569-576.

PDF available


Wooldridge, S., J. Brodie and M. Furnas. 2006. Exposure of inner-shelf reefs to nutrient enriched runoff entering the Great Barrier Reef Lagoon: Post-European changes and the design of water quality targets. Marine Pollution Bulletin 52(11):1467-1479.

PDF available