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Coral Reef Initiative Database

Puerto Rico

 

Puerto Rico

General Puerto Rico Information


Acevedo, R and J Morelock. 1988. Effects of terrigenous sediment influx on coral reef zonation in southwestern Puerto Rico. In Proceedings of the 6th International Coral Reef Symposium. Australia. 2:189- 194.

PDF available


Acevedo, R, J Morelock, RA Olivieri. 1989. Modification of coral reef zonation by terrigenous sediment stress. PALAIOS 4:1: 92-100.

PDF available


Acosta, A. 1997. Use of multi-mesh gillnets and trammel nets to estimate fish species composition in coral reef and mangroves in the southwest coast of Puerto Rico. Caribbean Journal of Science 33:45-57.

PDF available


Armstrong, RA. 1982. Changes in a Puerto Rican coral reef from 1936-1979 using aerial photoanalysis. In: E.D. Gomez, C.E. Birkeland, R.W. Buddemeier, R.E. Johannes, J.A. Marsh, Jr. and R.T. Tsuda (eds.) Proceedings of the 4th International Coral Reef Symposium Vol. 1. Marine Science Center, University of the Philippines, Manila, Philippines. 309-316.

PDF available


Bruckner, AW and RJ Bruckner. 1997. Outbreak of coral disease in Puerto Rico. Coral Reefs. 16: 260.

PDF available


Bruckner, AW and RJ Bruckner. 2001. Condition of restored Acropora palmate fragments off Mona Island, Puerto Rico, 2 years after the Fortuna Reefer ship grounding. Coral Reefs. 20: 235-243.

PDF available


Cintron, G., AE Lugo, DJ Pool, G Morris. 1978. Mangroves of Arid Environments in Puerto Rico and Adjacent Islands. Biotropica 10:2: 110-121.

PDF available


Fornshell, JA. 2005. Planktonic protozoan populations on five West Indian Reefs. Atoll Research Bulletin No. 533: 95-102.

PDF available


Garcia, JR., R. Castro. 1995. Characterization of marine communities associated with reefs and seagrass/algal beds in San Juan Bay and Ensenada Boca Vieja, Palo Seco. Report submitted to UCI-Raytheon Catalytic Inc.


Garcia, JR. 2003. Final Report: Biological characterization and mapping of marine habitats in Ponce Bay, Puerto de Las Americas Submitted to Puerto Rico Infrastructure Financing Authority. Prepared by Reef Surveys: PO Box 3015, Lajas, PR 00667.

This report cites many references pertaining to flora and fauna of reefs in Puerto Rico.


Garcia-Sais, J, R Appeldoorn, A Bruckner, C Caldow, JD Chrestensen, C Lilyestrom, ME Monaco, J Sabaer, E Williams, and E Diaz. 2005. The Sate of Coral Reef Ecosystems of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. NOAA.

PDF available


Garcia-Sais, J., R. Appeldoorn, T. Battista, L. Bauer, A. Bruckner, C. Caldow, L. Carrubba, J. Corredor, E. Diaz, C. Lilyestrom, G. Garcia-Moliner, E. Hernandez-Delgado, C. Menza, J. Morell, A. Pait, J. Sabater, E. Weil, E. Williams and S. Williams. 2008. The state of coral reef ecosystems of Puerto Rico. Coral Reef Report, NOAA.

PDF available


Meekan, MG,  ADL Steven, MJ Fortin. 1995.  Spatial patterns in the distribution of damselfishes on a fringing coral reef. Coral Reefs 14:3:151-161.

Abstract available


Pait, A. S., D. R. Whitall, C. F. G. Jeffrey, C. Caldow, A. L. Mason, G. G. Lauenstein and J. D. Christensen. 2008. Chemical contamination in southwest Puerto Rico: An assessment of organic contaminants in nearshore sediments. Marine Pollution Bulletin 56(3): 580-587.

PDF available


Rogers, CS. 1979. The effect of shading on coral reef structure and function. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology. 41: 269-288.

PDF available


Rogers, CS. 1979. The effect of shading on coral reef structure and function. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology. 41: 269-288.

Abstract available


Rogers, C.S. 1983. Sublethal and lethal effects of sediments applied to common Caribbean reef corals in the field. Marine Pollution Bulletin 14:10: 378-382.

Abstract available


Sadovy, Y. 1993. A preliminary assessment of the marine aquarium export trade in Puerto Rico. In: R.H. Richmond (ed.) Proceedings of the 7th International Coral Reef Symposium Vol. 2. University of Guam Press, UOG Station, Guam. 1014-1022

PDF available


Waddell, JE (ed.). 2005. The State of Coral Reef Ecosystems of the United States and Pacific Freely Associated States: 2005. NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS NCCOS 11. NOAA/NCCOS Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment’s Biogeography Team. Silver Spring, MD. 522 pp.

PDF available


Wilkinson, C (ed.). 2004. Status of Coral Reefs of the World: 2004, Volume 2. Australian Institute of Marine Science.

PDF available


Williams, EH, PJ Bartels, L Bunkley-Williams. 1999. Predicted disappearance of coral reef ramparts: a direct result of major ecological disturbances. Global Change Biology. 5:839-845.

PDF available


Winter, A, RS Appeldoorn, A Bruckner, EH Williams Jr., and C Goenaga. 1998. Sea surface temperatures and coral reef bleaching off La Parguera, Puerto Rico (northeastern Caribbean Sea). Coral Reefs 17(4): 377-382.

PDF available

Where noted, some referenced documents are available. To view a document, click on the hyperlink following the reference; hyperlinks will turn red when the mouse pointer is on them.

For information on the Caribbean Sea region

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