Department of Defense

Coral Reef Initiative Database

Conservation

Reef Health / Monitoring

Disease, Bleaching, Invasive species

Home            Coral Reef Info            Locations            Reef Assessment            Conservation

 

DISEASE


Link to Disease ID sheets


NOAA Coral Disease ID Key - Diagnostic tool for identifying coral damage or disease.


Global Coral Disease Database - The GCDD Coral Disease Identification Tool for the IndoPacific and Red Sea uses standardized nomenclature and diagnostic criteria for coral diseases and other causes of coral mortality.


NOAA Coral Reef Information System - General info about coral diseases.


Reef Resilience Disease Management Resource - Coral disease resources for managers, including identification guidance materials, field guides, and databases.


HEALTH / MONITORING


Bruno JF, Selig ER, Casey KS, Page CA, Willis BL, Drew Harvell C, Sweatman H, Melendy AM. (2007) Thermal stress and coral cover as drivers of coral disease outbreaks. PloS Biol 5(6)e124:1220-1227.

PDF Available


Crosby, MP and ES Reese. 1996. A manual for monitoring coral reefs with indicator species: Butterflyfishes as indicators of change on Indo Pacific reefs. Office of Ocean and Coastal Resource Management, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Silver Spring, MD. 45 pp.

PDF available


Fabricius K, Uthicke S, Cooper T, Humphrey C, De’ath G, Mellors J (2007) Candidate bioindicator measures to monitor exposure to changing water quality of the Great Barrier Reef. Final report to the Catchment to Reef Joint Research Programme. Marine and Tropical Sciences Research Facility Research Report Series. Reef and Rainforest Research Centre Limited, Cairns, Australia. 253pp.

PDF available


Kaczmarsky, LT, M Draud, EH Williams. 2005. Is there a relationship between proximity to sewage effluent and the prevalence of coral disease? Caribbean Journal of Science. 41:1: 124-137.

PDF available


Kaufman L, Sandin S, Sala E, Obura D, Rohwer F, Tschirky J (2011) Coral Health Index (CHI): measuring coral community health. Science and Knowledge Division, Conservation International, Arlington, VA, USA. 15pp.

PDF available


Weil E, Smith G, Gil-Agudelo DL (2006) Status and progress in coral reef disease research. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 69:1-7.

PDF available


Williams, DE and Miller, MW (2005) Coral disease outbreak: pattern, prevalence and transmission in Acropora cervicornis. Marine Ecology Progress Series 301:119-128.

PDF available


BLEACHING


Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority. Bleaching guide. Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority. Townsville, Australia. 2pp.

PDF available


Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority (2006) Coral bleaching and the Great Barrier Reef. Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority. Townsville, Australia. 4pp.

PDF available


Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority. Coral bleaching response plan 2010-2011. Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority. Townsville, Australia. 36pp.

PDF available


Manzello DP, Bergelmans R, Hendee JC (2007) Coral bleaching indices and thresholds for he Florida Reef Tract, Bahamas and St. Croix, US Virgin Islands. Marine Pollution Bulletin 54:1923-1931.

PDF available


Marshall P, Schuttenberg H (2006) A reef manager’s guide to coral bleaching. Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority, Townsville, Australia. 176 pp.

PDF available


Pala, C. 2007. Palau combats coral bleaching. Science 316(5825):680.

PDF available


Szmant, AM and NJ Gassman. 1990. The effects of prolonged “bleaching” on the tissue biomass and reproduction of the reef coral Montastrea annularis. Coral Reefs 8:217-224.

PDF available


Westmacott, S., K. Teleki, S. Wells and J. M. West. 2000. Management of bleached and severely damaged coral reefs. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. vi + 37 pp.

PDF available


INVASIVE SPECIES


Battle J (2009) Silent invasion: the spread of marine invasive species via ships’ ballast water. WWF International, Gland, Switzerland. 22pp.

PDF available


Additional Links:

Coral Reef Task Force
NOAA Coral Reef Online
EPA Coral Reef Online
International Coral Reef Initiative
http://www.coralreef.gov/http://coralreef.noaa.gov/http://water.epa.gov/type/oceb/habitat/coral_index.cfmhttp://www.icriforum.org/http://www.icriforum.org/shapeimage_4_link_0shapeimage_4_link_1shapeimage_4_link_2shapeimage_4_link_3