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United States

General United States Information


Bentivoglio, A. 2003. Compensatory mitigation for coral reef impacts in the Pacific Islands. Final Report. United States Fish and Wildlife Service, Pacific Islands Fish and Wildlife Office, Honolulu Hawaii September 2003.

PDF available


Brainard, R, J Maragos, R Schroeder, J Kenyon, P Vroom, S Godwin, R Hoeke, G Aeby, R Moffitt, M Lammers, J Gove, M Timmers, S Holzwarth, and S Kolinski. 2005. The state of coral reef Ecosystems of the U.S. Pacific remote islands areas. JE Waddell (ed.). The state of coral reef ecosystems of the United States and Pacific Freely Associated States: 2005. NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS NCCOS 11: 338-372.

PDF available


Holthus, P., P. Bernnan, S. Gon, L. Honigman, and J. Maragos. 1993. Preliminary classification and inventory of ecosystems of U.S. affiliated islands of the tropical Pacific. Prepared by the Nature Conservancy, Pacific Region, for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Dept. of the Intereor, Honolulu, Hawaii. 26 p.


Jameson, S.C., M.V. Erdmann, G.R. Gibson, & K.W. Potts. 1998. Development of biological criteria for coral reef ecosystem assessment. Atoll Research Bulletin 450-458:108.


Pandolfi, J. M., J. B. C. Jackson, N. Baron, R. H. Bradbury, H. M. Guzman, T. P. Hughes, C. V. Kappel, F. Micheli, J. C. Ogden, H. P. Possingham and E. Sala. 2005. Are U.S. Coral reefs on the slippery slope to slime? Science 307(5716):1725-1726.

PDF available


Rohmann, S.O., J.J. Hayes, R.C. Newhall, M.E. Monaco, & R.W. Grigg. 2005. The area of potential shallow-water tropical and subtropical coral ecosystems in the United States. Coral Reefs 24:370-383.

PDF available


Vierros, M. & D. Pauly. 2004. Assessing biodiversity loss in the oceans: a collaborative effort between the Convention on Biological Diversity and the Sea Around Us project. The Sea Around Us Project Newsletter 23 May/June 2004: 2-6.

PDF available


Waddell, JE (ed.). 2005. The State of Coral Reef Ecosystems of the United States and Pacific Freely Associated States: 2005. NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS NCCOS 11. NOAA/NCCOS Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment’s Biogeography Team. Silver Spring, MD. 522 pp.

PDF available


Wilkinson, C (ed.). 2004. Status of Coral Reefs of the World: 2004, Volume 2. Australian Institute of Marine Science.

PDF available



General  United States Public Information


Delaplaine,M. 2001. State regulation of underwater noise. California Coastal Commission. November 20, 2001.

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