Executive Order 13423, “Strengthening Federal Environment, Energy and Transportation Management”
Executive Order (EO) 13423, which was signed on January 24, 2007, defines Federal agency requirements for implementing sustainable practices. EO 13423 requires Federal agencies to lead by example in advancing the nation’s energy security and environmental performance by achieving the following goals:
- Energy Efficiency: Reduce energy intensity 30 percent by 2015, compared to an FY 2003 baseline.
- Greenhouse Gases: Reduce greenhouse gas emissions through reduction of energy intensity 30 percent by 2015, compared to an FY 2003 baseline.
- Renewable Power: At least 50 percent of current renewable energy purchases must come from new renewable sources (in service after January 1, 1999).
- Building Performance: Construct or renovate buildings in accordance with sustainability strategies, including resource conservation, reduction, and use; siting; and indoor environmental quality.
- Water Conservation: Reduce water consumption intensity 16 percent by 2015, compared to an FY 2007 baseline.
- Vehicles: Increase purchase of alternative fuel, hybrid, and plug-in hybrid vehicles when commercially available.
- Petroleum Conservation: Reduce petroleum consumption in fleet vehicles by 2 percent annually through 2015, compared to an FY 2005 baseline.
- Alternative Fuel: Increase use of alternative fuel consumption by at least 10 percent annually, compared to an FY 2005 baseline.
- Pollution Prevention: Reduce use of chemicals and toxic materials and purchase lower risk chemicals and toxic materials.
- Procurement: Expand purchases of environmentally sound goods and services, including biobased products.
- Electronics Management: Annually, 95 percent of electronic products purchased must meet Electronic Product Environmental Assessment Tool standards where applicable; enable Energy Star® features on 100 percent of computers and monitors; and reuse, donate, sell, or recycle 100 percent of electronic products using environmentally sound management practices.
In regard to procurement, EO 13423 explicitly requires Federal agencies to promote sustainable practices through the procurement of “biobased, environmentally preferable, energy-efficient, water efficient, and recycled content products, and use of paper of at least 30 percent post-consumer fiber content.” EO 13423 also requires agencies to reduce the quantity of toxic and hazardous chemicals and materials that are procured. Lastly, EO 13423 requires agencies to meet 95% of their electronic product needs with Electronic Product Environmental Assessment Tool (EPEAT) registered items.
EO 13514, “Federal Leadership in Environmental, Energy, and Economic Performance”
Executive Order (EO) 13514, which was signed on October 5, 2009, introduces new greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions management requirements, expands water reduction requirements for federal agencies, and addresses waste diversion, local planning, sustainable buildings, environmental management, and electronics stewardship. EO 13514 builds upon EO 13423 by requiring federal agencies to achieve the following goals:
- GHG Emissions: Establish reduction targets for Agencywide Scope 1, Scope 2, and Scope 3 GHG emissions to be achieved by fiscal year (FY) 2020, relative to an FY 2008 baseline. Develop and report annual comprehensive inventories of Scope 1, Scope 2, and Scope 3 GHG emissions.
- Building Performance: Ensure that all new construction and major renovations meet the Guiding Principles for High-Performance Sustainable Buildings, and that 15 percent of existing buildings meet them by FY 2015. Starting in FY 2020, design federal buildings to achieve "zero net energy" by FY 2030.
- Water Conservation: Reduce potable water consumption intensity 26 percent by FY 2020, compared to an FY 2007 baseline. (This extends the water consumption intensity reduction requirement of EO 13423 by five years.) Reduce industrial, landscaping, and agricultural water use 20 percent by FY 2020, compared to an FY 2010 baseline.
- Strategic Planning: Develop a "Strategic Sustainability Performance Plan" that commits the Agency to identify specific goals for achieving this executive order and to evaluate Agency climate change risks and vulnerabilities in order to manage the effects of climate change on the Agency’s operations and mission.
- Stormwater Management: Implement and achieve objective identified in the stormwater management guidance issued by EPA.
- Local Planning: Participate in regional transportation planning, increase selection of local energy use, and plan new facility locations near existing town centers.
- Fleet Management: Reduce fleet consumption of petroleum fuels by 2 percent annually through FY 2020 from an FY 2005 baseline.
- Waste Diversion and Pollution Prevention: Achieve a 50 percent solid waste diversion rate by FY 2015. Reduce paper use, increase composting, and decrease chemical use.
- Procurement: Ensure 95 percent of new contract actions (task and delivery orders) are energy- and water-efficient, biobased, environmentally preferable, generally non-toxic, and contain recycled content.
- Electronics Stewardship: Procure products that are Electronic Product Environmental Assessment Tool (EPEAT)-registered, ENERGY STAR® labeled, or Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP)-designated equipment.
- Environmental Management: Continue to employ environmental management systems at all organizational levels.
EO 13514 requires Federal agencies to advance sustainable acquisition and procurement to ensure that 95% of new contract actions for products and services are energy efficient, water-efficient, biobased, environmentally preferable, non-ozone depleting, contain recycled content, or are non-toxic or less-toxic alternatives. Furthermore EO 13514, requires Federal agencies to promote electronics stewardship by showing procurement preference for EPEAT-registered electronic products.
Presidential Memorandum of February 21, 2012; Driving Innovation and Creating Jobs in Rural America Through Biobased and Sustainable Procurement
The Presidential Memorandum from February 21, 2012, reinforces the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 and EO 13514 by highlighting the requirement for Federal agencies to support innovation and economic growth through the procurement of biobased products. The memorandum directs Federal agencies to:
- Include and report biobased procurement as part of sustainable acquisition goals and milestones in the Strategic Sustainable Performance Plan;
- Include procurement of biobased products in their Affirmative Procurement Program and Preferable Purchasing Programs, as applicable;
- Include biobased products as part of their procurement review and monitoring program required by section 9002(a) of the 2008 Farm Bill, incorporating data collection and reporting requirements as a part of their program evaluation;
- Provide appropriate training on procurement of biobased products for all acquisition personnel including requirements and procurement staff; and,
- Review and revise agency-specific product specifications so that, wherever possible, such specifications require the use of sustainable products, including USDA-designated biobased products, and that any language prohibiting the use of biobased products is removed.