Cultural Resources

Projects and Products

Reports and Other Products

Implementing Environmental & Economic Cost-Benefits of Reusing DoD's Pre-World War II Buildings (Legacy 14-735) pdf [2.27 MB]
Work of a Master? Addressing Evaluation of Routine or Prosaic Architecture by Famous Architects on Military Facilities - Report (Legacy 15-779) pdf [11.56 MB]
Programmatic Approaches to the Management of Cold War Historic Properties - Report (Legacy 13-701) pdf [7.35 MB]

The goal of this project was to develop and implement an action plan for programmatic approaches to the identification, evaluation, and management of significant Cold War Mission-Related Properties on DoD installations. The properties that were the subject of this project included all sites, buildings, structures and districts that have a clear and direct association with the Cold War Mission.

Regional Analysis of Historic Farmstead Archeological Site Characteristics on DoD Installations - Brochure (Legacy 12-508) pdf [11.20 MB]
Regional Analysis of Historic Farmstead Archeological Site Characteristics on DoD Installations - Report (Legacy 12-508) pdf [8.93 MB]

Installation CRMs are responsible for the protection of thousands of historic archeological sites that are “potentially eligible” to the NRHP. Decisions on eligibility would lead to more cost-effective management and increased troop readiness through wider access to training lands, but individual site evaluations are expensive and time-consuming. The most common type of these sites is late 19th-early 20th century farmsteads, found nation-wide. These sites share many similarities in terms of types of artifacts, layout, historic use, and relationship to the topography. By analyzing regional associations and farmstead patterns, the applicability of programmatic tools for assisting in the management of these resources can be determined. Four regions in the U.S. were examined to determine if there is enough cohesiveness of farmstead attribute characteristics to warrant the later creation of historic contexts and programmatic predictive models for NRHP eligibility. Project was DoD and nation-wide.

A Historical Context of the Turpentine (Naval Stores) Industry in the Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plains of Georgia, South Carolina and Florida - Report (Legacy 12-506) pdf [5.77 MB]

This document is the designed result of a study intended to produce a historic context for the naval stores industry on the Coastal Plains of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida. More specifically, it provides the federal cultural resource manager with a guideline for identifying the archaeological signatures of naval stores sites and providing a means of assessment that can be used in making recommendations under Section 106 and 110 of the National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA) of 1966 (as amended) for nomination to the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP). It also suggests program alternatives or standard treatments for these resources in order to streamline compliance with the NHPA.

The CRM's Guide to the Engineer's Energy Toolkit (Legacy 11-360) pdf [2.64 MB]

The CRM Guide to the Engineer’s Energy Toolkit has been prepared to provide CRMs with the tools to answer preservation challenges he/she may encounter in meeting preservation needs and installation goals when dealing with upgrading a building’s energy efficiency.

An Experimental Test of the Accuracy and Adequacy of In-Field Artifact Analysis (Legacy 11-157) pdf [2.60 MB]

An Experimental Test of the Accuracy and Adequacy of In-Field Artifact Analysis - Report, March 2013 (Legacy 11-157). This report explores the accuracy and adequacy of in-field artifact analysis.

The Accuracy and Adequacy of In-Field Artifact Analyis (Legacy 11-157) pdf [62 KB]

The Accuracy and Adequacy of In-Field Artifact Analyis: An Experimental Test - White Paper (Legacy 11-157).

Historic Context for Evaluating Mid-century Modern Military Buildings - Report, May 2012 (Legacy 11-448) pdf [19.00 MB]
Using Black Earth and Remote Sensing of Indicator Plants for Identification of Prehistoric Archeological Sensitivity - Tech Report, August 2012 (Legacy 10-416) pdf [861 KB]
Using Black Earth and Remote Sensing of Indicator Plants for Identification of Prehistoric Archeological Sensitivity and Potential Site Integrity in the Eastern Woodlands - Recommendations for Applying Results to DoD Modeling Initiatives (Legacy 10-416) pdf [140 KB]
Archaeology in Conflict: Perspectives, Problems, and Possible Solutions (Legacy 10-324) pdf [134 KB]
Integrating Military Training and Archaeological Site Integrity: A Field Analysis Approach - Report, February 2012 (Legacy 10-435) pdf [2.55 MB]

The purpose of the study was to identify factors useful for assessing potential damage to archaeological sites resulting from military vehicle training activities and determining acceptable thresholds for these activities. The report addresses whether a model of such a threshold can be developed with existing data or whether new data must be collected.

Prioritizing Site Treatment Actions - Report, February 2012 (Legacy 10-122) pdf [1.23 MB]
Assessing Cultural Resources on U.S. Military Installations through the Application of Criterion B (Legacy 10-347) pdf [627 KB]
A Guide to Architecture and Engineering Firms of the Cold War Era (Legacy 09-434) pdf [31.20 MB]
Respect Afghan Heritage Poster (Legacy 06-324) pdf [419 KB]
Respect Iraqi & Afghan Heritage Poster (Legacy 06-324) pdf [314 KB]
Respect Egyptian Heritage Poster (Legacy 06-324) pdf [16.69 MB]
DoD Cultural Heritage Playing Cards Poster - Afghanistan (Legacy 06-324) pdf [2.75 MB]
Regional Cold War History for Department of Defense Installations in Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands (Legacy 09-454) pdf [2.71 MB]
Historical and Architectural Overview of Aircraft Hangars of the Reserves and National Guard Installations from WWI to the Cold War (Legacy 09-431) pdf [9.84 MB]
Strategies for Greening Historic Properties - Part II (Legacy 09-452) pdf [12.53 MB]
Strategies for Greening Historic Properties - Part I (Legacy 09-452) pdf [11.84 MB]
A Case Study for Preserving a Department of Defense Historic Building and Achieving LEED Certification for a Major Renovation Project Indiana Army National Guard Stout Field, Building 5 (Legacy 09-451) pdf [3.30 MB]
DoD Cultural Resources Data Management Needs Assessment, Report (Legacy 09-443) pdf [1.77 MB]
Workshop on Integrating Predictive Models into the CRM Process, Report (Legacy 09-457) pdf [1.41 MB]
Integrating Military Training and Archaeological Site Integrity: A Data Analysis Approach (Legacy 09-435) pdf [1.01 MB]
Maintaining Elements that are Efficient by Design: What's Already Green about Our Historic Buildings (Legacy 09-456) pdf [5.71 MB]
Development of DoD Guidance for Archaeological Site Monitoring and Condition Assessments (Legacy 09-442) pdf [5.92 MB]
Product Catalog for Cultural Property Protection Planning and Training (Legacy 09-324) pdf [3.11 MB]
Rural Industries of the Sand HIlls, Georgia, South Carolina and North Carolina Context Report (Legacy 09-436) pdf [16.21 MB]
Installations in Guam During the Cold War (Legacy 09-454) pdf [1.60 MB]
DoD Cultural Heritage Playing Cards Poster - Egypt (Legacy 08-324) pdf [3.20 MB]
Soldier Pocket Guide (English) - Heritage Preservation - ROE First (Legacy 08-324) pdf [360 KB]

Individualized self-taught cultural property protection instruction: a double-sided four- by six-inch card printed Soldier Pocket Guide that contains basic top-of-mind information and guidance on cultural heritage issues and cultural property protection.

Soldier Pocket Guide (Arabic) - Heritage Preservation - ROE First (Legacy 08-324) pdf [420 KB]

Individualized self-taught cultural property protection instruction: a double-sided four- by six-inch card printed Soldier Pocket Guide that contains basic top-of-mind information and guidance on cultural heritage issues and cultural property protection.

Soldier Pocket Guide (Dutch) - Heritage Preservation - ROE First (Legacy 08-324) pdf [337 KB]

Individualized self-taught cultural property protection instruction: a double-sided four- by six-inch card printed Soldier Pocket Guide that contains basic top-of-mind information and guidance on cultural heritage issues and cultural property protection.

Soldier Pocket Guide (German) - Heritage Preservation - ROE First (Legacy 08-324) pdf [375 KB]

Individualized self-taught cultural property protection instruction: a double-sided four- by six-inch card printed Soldier Pocket Guide that contains basic top-of-mind information and guidance on cultural heritage issues and cultural property protection.

Recording the Cold War: Identifying Cold War Resource Data on Military Installations (Legacy 07-285) pdf [13.36 MB]

The goals of this study were threefold: to identify DoD Cold War facilities and associated documentation at a select number of installations; to create a systematic approach for identifying, compiling, and analyzing available data; and to prepare time and cost metrics on the process.

1933-1943 New Deal Historic Resources on Department of Defense Lands Booklet (Legacy 07-357) pdf [13.65 MB]
DoD Cultural Heritage Playing Cards Poster - Iraq & Afghanistan (Legacy 07-324) pdf [404 KB]
Constructing a Regional Historical Context for Terminal Pleistocene/Early Holocene Archaeology of the North-Central Mojave Desert (Legacy 07-349) pdf [63.12 MB]
An Assessment of Archeological Data Quality (Legacy 07-353) pdf [14.15 MB]
Constructing a Regional Historical Context for Terminal Pleistocene/Early Holocene Archaeology of the North-Central Mojave Desert, Report (Legacy 07-349) pdf [65.55 MB]

Published in May 2011, this study takes a regional, multi-agency approach to build a strong and comprehensive context by partnering NAWS China Lake with contiguous and nearby federal land-managing agencies in the Mojave Desert, including the Fort Irwin National Training Center (NTC), the National Park Service (Death Valley National Park and Mojave National Preserve), and the Bureau of Land Management (BLM). The results are designed to substantially aid National Register determinations of eligibility by identifying current data gaps and systemizing data collection.

Nationwide Historic Context Study of United States Army Reserve Centers - Report (Legacy 06-295) pdf [27.64 MB]
Military Training Lands Historic Context - Large Arms Ranges (Legacy 05-265) pdf [14.55 MB]
Military Training Lands Historic Context - Miscellaneous Training Sites (Legacy 05-265) pdf [13.04 MB]
Military Lands Historic Context - Training Village, Mock Sites, and Large Scale Operations Areas, Part 2 of 2 (Legacy 05-265) pdf [29.03 MB]
Military Lands Historic Context - Training Village, Mock Sites, and Large Scale Operations Areas, Part 1 of 2 (Legacy 05-265) pdf [9.57 MB]
Military Training Lands Historic Context - Small Arms Ranges (Legacy 05-265) pdf [26.31 MB]
Removing the Veil: Interest of Military Land Managers in Using Declassified and Classified Imagery (Legacy 99-1749) pdf [7.07 MB]
Cold War Needs Assessment Report (Legacy 98-1754) pdf [2.63 MB]
A Management Plan for Known and Potential U.S. Navy Shipwrecks in South Carolina (Legacy 98-1725) pdf [17.07 MB]
Underwater Cultural Resources Management: Resources Protection Plan and GIS for Virginia Shipwrecks - Report, 2004 (Legacy 98-1725) pdf [8.66 MB]
Archaeological Curation Needs Assessment, Volume I (Legacy 97-0076) pdf [17.20 MB]
H. L. Hunley Site Assessment (Legacy 97-106) pdf [17.11 MB]

This report discusses the survey operations conducted over the area using nondestructive remote sensing instrumentation, excavation procedures, analyses of cultural materials recovered or observed in situ and the associated contextual environment. It also presents the rationale for recommended site-treatment options.

Patriotic Legacy: The Navajo Code Talkers and the Use of Native American Languages in Defense of America (Legacy 94-0311) pdf [873 KB]
Archeology and Bioarcheology of the Northern Woodlands - Report, 1997 (Legacy 94-0008) pdf [9.29 MB]
Archeology and Paleoecology of the Central Great Plains - Report, 1996 (Legacy 94-0008) pdf [38.55 MB]
Archeological and Bioarcheological Resources of the Northern Plains - Report, 1996 (Legacy 94-0008) pdf [27.65 MB]
A Good Home for a Poor Man - Fort Polk and Vernon Parish 1800 - 1940 (Legacy 94-0754) pdf [5.30 MB]
A History of Fort Amador and Fort Grant - The Former Panama Canal Zone, Republic of Panama - Report (Legacy 93-1326) pdf [5.36 MB]
U.S. Navy Shipwrecks and Submerged Naval Aircraft in Washington: An Overview (Legacy 93-0856) pdf [5.21 MB]
An Optimal Foraging Model of Hunter-Gatherer Land Use in the Carson Desert - Report, 1995 (Legacy 92-0497) pdf [21.55 MB]
Paleontology Resources: A Key to Unlocking the Past (Legacy 92-0482) pdf [2.83 MB]
National Historic Context for DoD Installations, 1790 - 1940 Volume I of IV (Legacy 92-0075) pdf [10.99 MB]
National Historic Context for DoD Installations, 1790 - 1940 Volume II of IV (Legacy 92-0075) pdf [23.20 MB]
National Historic Context for DoD Installations, 1790 - 1940 Volume III of IV (Legacy 92-0075) pdf [11.54 MB]
National Historic Context for DoD Installations, 1790 - 1940 Volume IV of IV (Legacy 92-0075) pdf [17.32 MB]
Reveille to Taps: Camp Forrest, TN 1940-1946 (Legacy 92-0442) pdf [6.87 MB]
Cast Down Your Bucket Where You Are: An Ethnohistorical Study of African-American Community on the Lands of Yorktown Naval Weapons Station, 1865-1918 (Legacy 91, 92-0067) pdf [15.26 MB]
Late Holocene Paleoclimatic Stress and Prehistoric Human Occupation on San Clemente Island (Legacy 91-083/91-473) pdf [5.36 MB]
Unspoken Messages - Basque Arborglyphs: Methods for Recording and Documenting Arborglyphs on Department of Defense Land (Legacy 07-359) pdf [15.22 MB]
Department of Defense-Wide Inventory of Rock Art Sites and Assessment of Management Practices - Report (Legacy 11-480) pdf [2.89 MB]

The project provided an inventory of rock art sites (pictographs, petroglyphs and geoglyphs) on DoD facilities within the 50 States, assessed current management practices and issues, and made recommendations and provided guidelines for the management and treatment of these types of sites, for use in facility ICRMPs.

Institutionalizing Protocols for Wide-Area Inventory of Archaeological Sites by the Analysis of Aerial and Satellite Imagery - Report (Legacy 11-158) pdf [4.22 MB]

Archeological sites are, in almost all cases, places where human activity has produced an enduring change at a specific location in the natural environment. By analyzing that change, scientists can gain information about both human and environmental history. This report includes the results of our Legacy project, by which the team developed the statistical treatments and computational capacity required to analyze data collected with a variety of remote sensing devices in order to detect environmental change associated with human activities.

Design Guidelines for Implementing Energy Efficiency Strategies in Historic Properties (Legacy 11-382) pdf [9.39 MB]
Evaluating a Co-operative Approach to the Management of Digital Archaelogical Data - Report (Legacy 13-711) pdf [5.54 MB]

Evaluating a Co-operative Approach to the Management Records is a test case designed to evaluate whether and how an online repository for digital archaeological and cultural resource management data and information developed and managed by the Center for Digital Antiquity can fulfill this need.

Vietnam and the Home Front: How DoD Installations Adapted, 1962-1975 - Brochure (Legacy 12-518) pdf [10.51 MB]
Training the Cultural Resource Manager - Pocket Guide (Legacy 12-504) pdf [670 KB]

This pocket guide template provides an on-site checklist for archaeological compliance.

Training the Cultural Resource Manager - Outreach Poster Template (Legacy12-504) pdf [2.65 MB]

This poster provides a brief overview on the definition of cultural resources.

Vietnam and the Home Front: How DoD Installations Adapted, 1962-1975 - Poster (Legacy 12-518) pdf [2.06 MB]
A Historical Context of the Turpentine (Naval Stores) Industry in the Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plains of Georgia, South Carolina, and Florida - Appendix A (Legacy 12-506) pdf [8.89 MB]

Fact Sheets

Work of a Master? Addressing Evaluation of Routine or Prosaic Architecture by Famous Architects on Military Facilities - Fact Sheet (Legacy 15-779) pdf [62 KB]
Fact Sheet: Helicopter Training and Use on US Military Installations Vietnam War Historic Context Subthemes - (Legacy 14-739) pdf [273 KB]
Training the Cultural Resource Manager - Fact Sheet (Legacy 12-504) pdf [84 KB]
Fact Sheet: Cultural Resources Management through the Eyes of the Soldier (Legacy 12-514) pdf [86 KB]
Archaeological Data Quality (Legacy 11-157) pdf [1.10 MB]

Archaeological Data Quality: Accuracy and Adequacy of In-Field Artifact Analysis (Legacy 11-157).

Historic Context for Evaluating Mid-Century Modern Military Buildings (Legacy 11-448) pdf [95 KB]
Using Black Earth and Remote Sensing of Indicator Plants for Identification of Prehistoric Archeological Sensitivity (Legacy 10-416) pdf [34 KB]
Integrating Military Training and Archaeological Site Integrity: A Field Analysis Approach (Legacy 10-435) pdf [38 KB]
DoD Heritage Partnerships Lessons Learned - 2010 (Legacy 10-324) pdf [44 KB]
Assessing Cultural Resources on US Military Installations Through the Application of Criterion B (Legacy 10-347) pdf [101 KB]
Training for In-Theater Cultural Resources 2006-2011 (Legacy 09-324) pdf [35 KB]
Historical and Architectural Overview of Aircraft Hangars of the Reserves and National Guard Installations from WWI to the Cold War (Legacy 09-431) pdf [228 KB]
A Guide to Architecture and Engineering Firms of the Cold War Era, Fact Sheet (Legacy 09-434) pdf [103 KB]
Development of DoD Guidance for Archaeological Site Monitoring and Condition Assessments, Fact Sheet (Legacy 09-442) pdf [171 KB]
Rural Industries of the Sand Hills, Georgia, South Carolina and North Carolina (Legacy 09-436) pdf [82 KB]
A Case Study for Preserving a DoD Historic Building and Achieving LEED Certification for a Major Renovation Project, Indiana National Guard, Stout Field, Building 5 (Legacy 09-451) pdf [230 KB]
Workshop on Integrating Predictive Models into the CRM Process (Legacy 09-457) pdf [50 KB]
Maintaining Elements that are Efficient by Design (Legacy 09-456) pdf [109 KB]
Strategies for Greening Historic Properties (Legacy 09-452) pdf [158 KB]
Integrating Military Training and Archaeological Site Integrity (Legacy 09-435) pdf [170 KB]
Training for In-Theatre Cultural Resource Protection 2008 (Legacy 08-324) pdf [49 KB]
2008 Department of Defense Historic Building Conference (Legacy 08-387) pdf [40 KB]
Spatial Data Standard for Facilities, Infrastructure, and Environment (SDSFIE) Cultural Resources Data Model (Legacy 08-409) pdf [46 KB]
Recording the Cold War: Identifying and Collecting Cold War Resources Data on Military Installations (Legacy 07-285) pdf [64 KB]
Training for In-Theatre Cultural Resource Protection, Fact Sheet (Legacy 07-324) pdf [49 KB]
Analysis of the Historic Properties Data Element in the OSD Facilities Analysis Database (PDF), Fact Sheet (Legacy 07-376) pdf [45 KB]

Using the National Council on Preservation Education (NCPE) summer intern program, an individual worked with staff from the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) to collect and analyze DoD RPI information. The individual analyzed data in the Historic Properties Data Element in the OSD Facilities Analysis Database (FAD); establish baseline information for clear real property goals and objectives for DoD historic properties.

Analysis of Service Records Management Systems for Rescue and Retention of Cultural Resource Documents (Legacy 07-352) pdf [69 KB]
Constructing a Regional Historical Context for Terminal Pleistocene/Early Holocene Archaeology of the North-Central Mojave Desert (Legacy 07-349) pdf [88 KB]
DoD 2007 Desk Guide to Military Installations and Federally Recognized Tribes of the SE US (PDF), Fact Sheet (06-315) pdf [45 KB]

This one page summary describes a project that published a guide that makes contact between military installations and Tribes a one stop shop where both military installations and Tribes are able to get contact information, brief histories, and organizational structure information to begin consultation.

A Historic Context and Database for the Military-Industrial Complex in the State of Texas, Fact Sheet (Legacy 06-231) pdf [202 KB]
Section 106 Standard Treatments: A Program Alternative (Legacy 06-313) pdf [41 KB]

This one page summary describes an aim to develop Standard Treatments for repair and maintenance of building materials and systems common to historic military buildings. The goal is to reduce compliance timeframes and encourage use of the Secretary of the Interiors Rehabilitation Standards. The process involves consultation with the ACHP and additional stakeholders, as defined in 36 CFR 800.14. Should standard treatments be authorized by the ACHP, the Navy, acting as project lead for the DoD, will initiate the process to adopt the treatments as Unified Facilities Criteria (UFC).

Conservation of H. L. Hunley and its Associated Artifacts (Legacy 05-106) pdf [42 KB]
The Benefits of Cultural Resource Conservation, Fact Sheet (Legacy 92-0239) doc [258 KB]
Department of Defense-Wide Inventory of Rock Art Sites and Assessment of Management Practices (Legacy 11-480) pdf [162 KB]
Regional Analysis of Historic Farmstead Archeological Site Characteristics on DoD Installations (Legacy 12-508) pdf [180 KB]
Programmatic Approaches to the Management of Cold War Historic Properties - Fact Sheet (Legacy 13-701) pdf [46 KB]
Vietnam and the Home Front: How DoD Installations Adapted, 1962-1975 - Fact Sheet (Legacy 12-518) pdf [140 KB]
Contextual Study of the Turpentine (Naval Stores) Industry in the Georgia, South Carolina, and Florida Coastal Plain - Fact Sheet (Legacy 12-506) pdf [160 KB]