Natural Resources

Invasive Species

DoD developed this page to help installation natural resources managers and others protect natural resources on our nation's military lands. To address the growing ecological and economic damage caused by invasive species, Executive Order 13751 directs federal agencies to:

"...prevent the introduction of invasive species and provide for their control, and to minimize the economic, plant, animal, ecological, and human health impacts that invasive species cause..."

E.O. 13751 defines an 'invasive species' as a "non-native organism whose introduction causes or is likely to cause economic or environmental harm, or harm to human, animal, or plant health."

To see deliverables resulting from fully executed Legacy projects, visit the Legacy Project Deliverables page:


Armed Forces Pest Management Board Technical Guide No. 31: Retrograde Washdowns: Cleaning and Inspection Procedures (Armed Forces Pest Management Board) pdf [3.67 MB]
Invasive Species in Forests and Rangelands of the United States, A Comprehensive Science Synthesis for the United States Forest Sector
Invasive Non-Native Plants That Threaten Wildlands in Arizona, August 2005 (04-1703) pdf [1.39 MB]

This document contains information that identifies and distinguishes those non-native plants that can invade an area and cause adverse ecological impacts from those non-native plants that, at least based on current knowledge, are relatively innocuous.


Commander's Guide On Invasive Species pdf [2.31 MB]

Invasive species can take over training lands, injure soldiers, damage equipment, overwhelm listed and at-risk species, and significantly erode natural resources and training budgets. The Commander's Guide on Invasive Species highlights key issues, relevant policies, mission impacts, and key actions that commanders and other installation personnel can take.

A Resource Guide for Invasive Plant Management in the Sonoran Desert, October 2001 (02-1703) pdf [1.04 MB]
Development of a Categorized List of Invasive Non-native Plants That Threaten Wildlands in Arizona: Individual Plant Assessments by Species: Vol 2. Hordeum murinum to Vinca major pdf [11.80 MB]

September 2005. Contains detailed individual assessments of invasive plant species common to the southwest US. Assessments include the ecology and an assessment of the potential threat posed by each species.

Yellow Starthistle Management Guide pdf [8.23 MB]

This management guide supports effective land management by compiling current information on the biology, impacts, and control of yellow starthistle. Several techniques are highlighted including mechanical tools, chemical treatments, cultural practices, and biological agents. Each technique is discussed in detail to assist land managers decide the best approach after consideration of a particular site parameters.

Fact Sheets

Invasive Species and the Military
DoD Legacy Program Invasive Species-Related Projects List pdf [303 KB]
DoD Legacy Program Key Invasive Species Projects pdf [289 KB]
Legacy Invasive Species Fact Sheet pdf [289 KB]
Feral Swine and DoD
Don't Let Your Cat Go AWOL! Indoor Cats Are Safe Cats
Fact Sheet: The North Carolina Sandhills Weed Management Area: Sharing DoD Invasive Plant Species Management Strategies with Installation Neighbors pdf [4.72 MB]

Legacy Project #: 07-334 Summarizes the objectives and accomplishments of this project to assist NCSWMA implementing regional invasive plant management strategies at Fort Bragg and Camp Mackall, North Carolina.

Bad Neighbors: Invasive Species: Impacts on the Environment Invasive Species pdf [602 KB]

Outreach flyer that explains the impact of invasive species common to the NC Sandhills area, and gives some examples and what the general public can do to help control the spread of problematic non-native invasive plants.

Fact Sheet: Model Invasive Species Control Project: Yellow Starthistle (NR) pdf [152 KB]
Field Evaluation of Chemical Methods for Brown Tree Snake Management pdf [121 KB]


The North Carolina Sandhills Weed Management Area Training Workshop: June 2006 pdf [4.98 MB]

Materials consist of a presentation summarizing the invasive species problems faced by the North Carolina Sandhills region which includes Fort Bragg, defines a weed management area and outlines the plan of action to begin to solve the weed problem.