Defense Support for Civil Authorities
When asked about DoD Wildland Fire, most people think of military helicopters, aircraft, and personnel fighting fires across the Western U.S. These operations are provided through Defense Support for Civil Authorities (DSCA), where military assets are used to support emergencies outside of a military installation when there are no other resources available. Large wildfires are managed by federal Incident Management Teams (IMT). These IMTs request military support through the National Interagency Fire Center (NIFC). NIFC coordinates this support through U.S. Northern Command (USNORTHCOM). The most common military assets provided to federally managed wildfires are battalions providing ground support, C-130 aircraft outfitted with Modular Airborne Fire Fighting System (MAFFS) supplied by the US Forest Service, and aerial reconnaissance support. For more information on DSCA wildland fire support visit: https://www.northcom.mil/Firefighting/.
Wildland Fire Partnerships
DoD collaborates and partners with multiple local, state, federal, and tribal organizations and agencies to ensure the success of the wildland fire mission inside and outside installation boundaries.
Wildland Fire Leadership Council
National Wildfire Coordinating Group
National Interagency Fire Center
Wildland Fire Mitigation and Management Commission, Wildfire Resilience Interagency Working Group
National Invasive Species Council (NISC)
DoD Wildland Fire Science Initiative
Recognizing the threats posed by climate change and wildfires, DoD, through its environmental research programs, the Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program (SERDP) and the Environmental Security Technology Certification Program (ESTCP), has become a national leader in wildland fire research through the establishment and funding of the “DoD Wildland Fire Science Initiative.” Through the current suite of SERDP and ESTCP research projects, the DoD has also become a recognized leader in co-production of management-relevant science between fire managers and researchers with a focus on next-generation fire behavior and smoke dispersion models.